A bit of History of the olive tree
The wild olive tree is believed to have originated in Asia Minor. From there the olive cultivation spread to the island of Cyprus towards Anatolia and from the island of Crete towards Egypt. It arrived to the Greek mainland between the 14th and 12th century BC where the olive oil cultivation increased and gained great importance.
Olive production began in Italy in the VIII–VII century BC and gained considerable economic importance thanks to first the Phoenicians and later the Greeks.
Olive trees were planted in the entire Mediterranean basin under Roman rule.
From a geographical point of view, the prime area of Italian olive production is located between 30 and 45 °N, which in general is the geographical distribution of suitable areas for olive-tree production in the northern hemisphere.
In the Mediterranean area, Italy represents the central point of olive production because of its history, climate and environmental conditions.